Wed. Jun 19th, 2024

Uganda declares Ebola Virus disease outbreak

Uganda declares Ebola Virus Disease outbreak 

After a case confirmed by the Sudan ebolavirus in Mubende in the central part, Uganda’s health authorities declared an Ebola epidemic.

After testing a sample from a 24-year old male, the Uganda Virus Research Institute confirmed that the case had been confirmed. This is in response to six suspicious deaths that occurred in the district earlier this month, which was investigated by the National Rapid Response team. Eight cases are currently being treated at a health facility.

“This is the first time in more than a decade that Uganda is recording an outbreak of Sudan ebolavirus. We are working closely with the national health authorities to investigate the source of this outbreak while supporting the efforts to quickly roll out effective control measures,” said Dr Matshidiso Moeti, World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Director for Africa. “Uganda is no stranger to effective Ebola control. Thanks to its expertise, action has been taken to quickly to detect the virus and we can bank on this knowledge to halt the spread of infections.”

There have been seven outbreaks of the Sudanebolavirus in the past, four in Uganda and three in Sudan. In 2012, Uganda was the last country to report an outbreak of Sudanese virus. In 2019, Zaire ebolavirus was discovered in the country. The virus was brought from the neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo. This country was suffering from a large epidemic at its north-eastern border.

WHO is providing assistance to Ugandan health authorities and is sending staff to the area. The Organization has sent supplies to help patients and a tent to isolate them.

Ring vaccination of high-risk individuals with Ervebo (rVSV–ZEBOV) vaccine has been very effective in controlling the spread of Ebola during recent outbreaks in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. However, this vaccine was only approved to protect against the Zaire disease. Johnson and Johnson has also developed a vaccine that could be effective against Ebola Sudan. However, it has not yet been tested for effectiveness.

EbolaThis is a serious, often fatal, illness that affects humans and other primates. There are six species of the virus, three of which (Bundibugyo and Sudan) have caused large outbreaks in the past. The Sudan virus has had an average case fatality rate of 41% to 100 percent in previous outbreaks. Ebola deaths can be significantly reduced by initiating supportive treatment early.

Source: newbusinessethiopia

By Chala Dandessa

I am Lecturer, Researcher and Freelancer. I am the founder and Editor at ETHIOPIANS TODAY website. If you have any comment use caalaadd2@gmail.com as email contact. Additionally you can contact us through the contact page of www.ethiopianstoday.com.

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