666 – (six hundred and sixty-six)
666 is the sum of the first 36 natural numbers (∑�=136�, i.e. 1 + 2 + 3 + … + 34 + 35 + 36 = 666); thus, it is a triangular number. Because 36 is also triangular, 666 is a doubly triangular number. Also, 36 = 15 + 21; 15 and 21 are also triangular numbers, and 152 + 212 = 225 + 441 = 666.
The prime factorization of 666 is 2×32×37. Also, 666 is the sum of the squares of the first seven primes: 22+32+52+72+112+132+172.
The Roman numeral for 666, DCLXVI, has exactly one occurrence of all symbols whose value is less than 1000 in decreasing order (D = 500, C = 100, L = 50, X = 10, V = 5, I = 1).
In the Textus Receptus manuscripts of the New Testament, the Book of Revelation (13:17–18) cryptically asserts 666 to be “the man’s number” or “the number of a man” (depending on how the text is translated) associated with the Beast, an antagonistic creature that appears briefly about two-thirds into the apocalyptic vision. Some manuscripts of the original Koine Greek use the symbols χξϛ chi xi stigma (or χξϝ with a digamma), while other manuscripts spell out the number in words.
In modern popular culture, 666 has become one of the most widely recognized symbols for the Antichrist or, alternatively, the devil. Earnest references to the number occur both among apocalypticist Christian groups and in explicitly anti-Christian subcultures. References in contemporary Western art or literature are, more likely than not, intentional references to the Beast symbolism. Such popular references are therefore too numerous to list.
It is common to see the symbolic role of the integer 666 transferred to the numerical digit sequence 6-6-6. Some people take the Satanic associations of 666 so seriously that they actively avoid things related to 666 or the digits 6-6-6. This is known as hexakosioihexekontahexaphobia.
- In the Bible, 666 is the number of talents of gold Solomon collected each year (see 1 Kings 10:14 and 2 Chronicles 9:13).
- In the Bible, 666 is the number of Adonikam‘s descendants who return to Jerusalem and Judah from the Babylonian exile (see Ezra 2:13).
- Using gematria, Neron Caesar transliterated from Greek into Hebrew short-form spelling, נרון קסר, produces the number 666. The Latin spelling of “Nero Caesar” transliterated into Ktiv haser Hebrew, נרו קסר, produces the number 616. Thus, in the Bible, 666 may have been a coded reference to Nero, who was the Roman emperor from 55 to 68 AD. Though historic protestants such as Andreas Helwig in 1612 proposed the application of the Isopsephy principle to the papal name Vicarius Filii Dei.
- Is the magic sum, or sum of the magic constants of a six by six magic square, any row or column of which adds up to 111.
- Is the sum of all the numbers on a roulette wheel (0 through 36).
- Was a winning lottery number in the 1980 Pennsylvania Lottery scandal, in which equipment was tampered to favor a 4 or 6 as each of the three individual random digits.
- Was the original name of the Macintosh SevenDust computer virus that was discovered in 1998. It is also the name of an extension that SevenDust can add to an uninfected Macintosh.
- The number is a frequent visual element of Aryan Brotherhood tattoos.
- Aleister Crowley adopted the title “the Beast 666”. As such, 666 is also associated with him, his work, and his religious philosophy of Thelema.
- Molar mass of the high-temperature superconductor YBa2Cu3O7.
- In Chinese numerology, the number is considered to be lucky and is often displayed in shop windows and neon signs. In China, 666 can mean “everything goes smoothly” (the number six has the same pronunciation as the character 溜, which means “smooth”.
- Is commonly used by ISPs to blackhole traffic using BGP communities.
- 666 Fifth Avenue in New York City, which was bought for $1.8 billion in 2007, was the most expensive real estate deal in New York’s history.
- US Police Radio Code 666 means “countrywide emergency”.
- The Number of the Beast, the 1982 album by English heavy metal band Iron Maiden, references 666 in its title and the album’s title song.
- ^ Revelation 13
- ^ Beale, Gregory K. (1999). The Book of Revelation: A Commentary on the Greek Text. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 718. ISBN 080282174X. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- ^ “The Numerology of the Beast”. people.math.harvard.edu. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
- ^ Chris K. Caldwell and G. L. Honaker, Jr., Curio for 666
- ^ “Revelation 13:18”. Stephanus New Testament. Bible Gateway. Retrieved 2006-06-22.
- ^ Novum Testamentum Graece, Nestle and Aland, 1991, footnote to verse 13:18 of Revelation, page 659: “-σιοι δέκα ἕξ” as found in C [C=Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus]; for English see Metzger’s Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament, note on verse 13:18 of Revelation, page 750: “the numeral 616 was also read …”
- ^ “The Other Number of the Beast”. Archived from the original on 2000-03-01.
- ^ Jump up to:a b “666 – professors explain Roulette and Nero in detail; numberphile.com”. Archived from the original on 2013-03-31. Retrieved 2013-04-06.
- ^ Helwig, Andreas (1512). Antichristus Romanus. VVttenbergae, Typis Laurentij Seuberlichs.
- ^ Baer, John (1980-09-20). “Six Won $1.2 Million in Rigged Lottery, Pa. Says”. Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2021-03-18.
- ^ “Detailed Analysis – Mac/Sevendust-A – Viruses and Spyware – Advanced Network Threat Protection | ATP from Targeted Malware Attacks and Persistent Threats | sophos.com – Threat Center”. www.sophos.com. Retrieved 2022-01-24.
- ^ Brook, John Lee (June 2011). Blood In, Blood Out: The Violent Empire of the Aryan Brotherhood. SCB Distributors. ISBN 978-1-900486-80-4. OCLC 793002272. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- ^ “Aleister Crowley | Biography, Teachings, Reputation, & Facts | Britannica”. www.britannica.com. Retrieved 2022-01-24.
- ^ Mah, Adeline Yen (2009). China: Land of Dragons and Emperors. ISBN 978-0375890994. Retrieved 2013-12-07.
- ^ “Know the Meaning of Numbers in Chinese Culture”. au.ibtimes.com. Retrieved 2014-10-30.
- ^ “666 – Good day, bad day or just another day?”. www.newsgd.com. Retrieved 2014-10-30.
- ^ RFC 7999
- ^ “What you need to know about 666 Fifth Avenue”. www.cbsnews.com. 19 June 2017. Retrieved 2021-07-29.
- ^ “Police Radio Code 666”. policecodes.net. Retrieved 2022-10-23.
- ^ 25.8069, accessed 2022-05-16
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