India will overtake China as the world’s most populous country by the end of this month, the United Nations said Monday.
By the end of April, India’s population is expected to reach 1.425 billion, which means it will match and then surpass mainland China’s population, the U.N.’s Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) said.
“China’s population reached its peak size of 1.426 billion in 2022 and has started to fall. Projections indicate that the size of the Chinese population could drop below 1 billion before the end of the century,” the agency said.
The DESA announcement comes after the U.N. Population Fund said last week that India would have 2.9 million more people than China by the middle of 2023.
The announcement has sparked questions about whether India can repeat the economic miracle that took China out of poverty and into the ranks of the world’s leading powers.
India is promoting itself as a rising global power as the host of this year’s Group of 20 Summit, to be held in New Delhi in September. The G-20 is made up of the world’s major economies.
Demographers say the limits of population data make it impossible to calculate an exact date when India’s population will surpass China’s. It’s possible it may have already done so.
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